According to Akamai’s Q3 2015 rankings, Finland ranks 21st in the world in terms of Internet connection speeds, with an average connection speed of 14.8 Mbps and an average peak connection speed of 57.4 Mbps.
Out of the roughly 5.6 million Finnish citizens currently living in Finland, nearly 5.1 million are connected to the Internet as of 2016, giving the country a 92.5% penetration rate.
The infrastructure primarily consists of ADSL and Cable connections. It experiences very fast-paced advancement owing to two main causes. Firstly, the industry is privately-held, divided between a few ISPs. The most important ones are Sonera, Elisa and DNA.
Secondly, and probably the most important cause, Finland is currently the only country in the world which made Internet access a legal right. As of 2009, Finland’s Ministry of Transport and Communications committed to ensuring that each household in Finland could access the Internet at a minimum speed of 1 Mbps. As of 2010, it has become a legal right, which is why Finland is among the countries with the highest Internet penetration rates in the world.
However, Finland is not a cheap country to live in, and this fact also reflects in the price that the average Finnish citizen pays for a basic Internet subscription. According to latest data published by Numbeo, an Internet subscription with a speed of 10 Mbps and unlimited data would cost approximately $22 per month, way more expensive than what other European countries offer, specifically Eastern European countries, where the infrastructure is also more advanced.
The local hosting industry is also very prosperous. By analyzing some of the most prominent hosting companies on the market, we’ve determined that prices for all core hosting services, including Shared, VPS and Dedicated Hosting services, start at roughly $5, $15 and $40 respectively. However, all reviewed companies seemed to put a lot more importance on selling Shared services in the detriment of other hosting services. There is also virtually no possibility to opt for monthly subscriptions – only semiannual, yearly and biyearly subscriptions are available, as a general rule. Features found with each plan are generally great and seem to provide good value for money. Support for international languages such as English or French is very limited. Finland is also a very popular country for offshore hosting providers to deploy their servers in – among the Netherlands, Denmark and Romania.
The industry is divided between a few ISPs, including but not limited to Sonera, Elisa and DNA. The market is not very fragmented, and prices for Internet subscriptions offered by each particular company are usually the same.
As of 2010, having access to the Internet is a legal right. This is the main reason Finland is among the countries with the highest Internet penetration rates (92.5%).
Even though Finland committed to ensuring that each person can access the Internet in the next few years, the government considers deploying a few censorship tactics nevertheless. Curbing online gambling or prohibiting access to sites that illegally distribute copyrighted content are just a few of the measures put forth by the government. However, other aspects, such as freedom of speech and press, are guaranteed by the law. In fact, in 2016, Finland has ranked 1st for the 7th year in a row in the World Press Freedom Index. Finland is also one of the least corrupt countries in the world, according to the Corruption Perceptions Index of 2016 (3rd place, after New Zealand and Denmark).