According to Akamai’s Q3 2015 rankings, the average downlink Internet speed in Canada is 11.9 Mbps and the average uplink speed is 15 Mbps.
Population & Internet Availability
The current population of Canada is approximately 36 million. Over 82% of residents have access to the Internet, especially broadband connections.
Main Types of Access to the Internet
Canadian residents can access the following types of Internet services:
– Dial-up Internet (very rare service, mostly used in remote areas)
– Cable Internet
– DSL Internet
– Triple Play
Internet Access – Dial-up Internet
Dial-up services are being replaced by broadband connections at a fast pace, but they do remain somewhat popular among Canadian residents due to lack of other options in certain remote areas (see: in the countryside). When neither dial-up nor broadband services are available, customers make use of diverse wireless options to access the web, such as Satellite Internet.
Internet Access – Cable Internet
Cable Internet services are relatively popular among Canadian customers. For cable offerings, DOCSIS-based equipment is used. Prominent cable providers include Shaw Communications and Rogers Cable, offering speeds of up to as high as 1000 Mbps.
Internet Access – DSL Internet
DSL Internet is very popular among Canadian subscribers. This service is provided by a wide array of regional ISPs, such as Start Communications, Manitoba Telecom, Vmedia, in addition to SaskTel, which was the first ISP to roll out DSL services in early 1996.
Internet Access – Triple Play
Triple Play stands for a service that combines internet, television, and telephony services for a single payment each month. This service is preferred by the great majority of Canadians due to inherently lower costs.
Internet Censorship in Canada
Internet content is not specifically regulated in Canada, and is generally free of governmental restrictions within legal bounds. The constitution and law provide for freedom of speech and press, and the government generally respects these rights in practice. However, local laws do apply to websites hosted in Canada, as well as to residents who host sites on servers situated in other jurisdictions. One of the only recorded events of censorship attempts in Canada was the 2015 legislation put forth by the province of Quebec, which would require unlicensed online gambling websites, as defined by Loto-Quebec, to be blocked by ISPs. However, the law was heavily criticized for the possible precedents that it would set, and thus was cancelled.