According to Akamai’s Q3 2015 rankings, the average downlink Internet speed in Brazil is 3.6 Mbps and the average uplink speed is 2 Mbps.
Population & Internet Availability
The current population of Brazil is approximately 207.7 million. Over 60% of residents have access to the Internet, especially broadband connections.
Main Types of Access to the Internet
Brazilian residents can access the following types of Internet services:
– ADSL Internet (notably VDSL and VDSL2)
– FTTH Internet
– Wireless Internet (notably Satellite Internet)
Internet Access – ADSL
ADSL Internet is widely popular among subscribers relative to other services. This service was introduced in 2000 and shortly became one of the most popular ways of accessing the Internet in the country, alongside now-decommissioned dial-up access. Generally, speeds are between 15 and 1 Mbps downlink and uplink; however, in larger cities, speeds of up to as much as 100 and 20 Mbps downlink and uplink are more common as of late.
Internet Access – FTTH Internet
FTTH was introduced to Brazilian subscribers by Telefonica in early 2007. By June of the same year, the internet provider reported fiber coverage of approximately 400,000 households, with 20,000 signed up for the service. Other ISPs that provide FTTH internet are Brasil Telecom and Global Village Telecom. Owing to the readily apparent success of the service among customers, smaller regional ISPs are now rolling out their own FTTH services to small and medium-sized cities.
Wireless Internet services remain popular among customers due to large areas uncovered by traditional wired connections. Although Brazil ranks 4th in the world in terms of Internet users, with roughly 124 million connected as of 2015, this number amounts to only 60% of the total residents. Furthermore, fixed broadband connections, such as DSL and cable internet, account for only 68% of household internet connections. The remainder of customers are split between dial-up and wireless internet. Wireless services, of which satellite internet is arguably the most popular, are used by customers located either in remote areas (e.g. in smaller cities or in the countryside), or by customers who are not satisfied with narrowband connections (i.e. dial-up).
Internet Censorship in Brazil
Internet users can access the Internet freely in Brazil. There are no government restrictions on access to the Internet or credible reports that the government monitors user activity without solid legal basis. In recent years, there has been an upward trend in the increase of private individuals and official bodies taking legal action against diverse users of social media platforms, such as Facebook and Twitter, holding them responsible for the content posted. However, other websites seem to be exempt from this practice (e.g. blogs). Owing to the lenient internet regulations, Brazil is also quite popular an offshore hosting destination.